On This Day February 14
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1818 – Former slave-turned-civil rights activist Frederick Douglass (d. 1895)
1894 – Legendary comedian Jack Benny, born Benjamin Kubelsky (d. 1974)
1913 – American labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa, who disappeared under mysterious circumstances (d. 1975)
1921 – Retired Emmy-winning TV anchor-host Hugh Downs (“Today” show, “20/20”)
1934 – Actress Florence Henderson, best remembered for playing Carol Brady on the sitcom “The Brady Bunch” (d. 2016)
1942 – Businessman and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg
1944 – Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and former “Washington Post” reporter Carl Bernstein, who, along with colleague Bob Woodward, broke the Watergate story that led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon
1960 – Golden Globe-winning actress Meg Tilly (“The Big Chill,” “Agnes of God”)
1970 – Actor Simon Pegg (“Shaun of the Dead,” “Hot Fuzz,” “The World’s End,” “Spaced,” “Star Trek,” “Star Trek Into Darkness,” “Mission: Impossible”)
1972 – Grammy-winning singer-songwriter and Matchbox Twenty frontman Rob Thomas
1849 – James Polk becomes the first American president to be photographed while in office.
1920 – The League of Women Voters is established as a “political experiment” designed to help 20 million women carry out their new responsibilities as voters. It encouraged them to use their new power to participate in shaping public policy.
1924 – International technology giant IBM (International Business Machines Corp.) is founded and eventually becomes known as “Big Blue.”
1929 – Seven rivals of mobster Al Capone are gunned down in a Chicago garage during the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.
1962 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy gives Americans an intimate, televised tour of The White House, hosted by CBS News correspondent Charles Collingwood. Although produced by CBS, the special airs on all three major TV networks the same week and is eventually broadcast in other countries, reaching an estimated global audience of some 80 million viewers.
1988 – U.S. speed skater Dan Jansen, a favorite to win the gold medal in the 500-meter race at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, falls during competition, only hours after learning his sister had died of cancer.
1989 – Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini calls on Muslims to kill “The Satanic Verses” author Salman Rushdie because his book mocked or at least contained mocking references to the Prophet Muhammad and other aspects of Islam.
2018 – An 19-year-old expelled student enters Parkland, Florida’s Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School and opens fire, killing 17 people and wounding 17 others, in what becomes the deadliest school shooting in U.S. history.
1967 – Aretha Franklin records the soul single, “Respect,” at the Atlantic Records studio in New York. The now-classic track, which was written by Otis Redding, climbs to No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 that June.
1970 – ”Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin),” by Sly & the Family Stone, is the hottest song on the radio.
1972 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono serve as co-hosts of “The Mike Douglas Show” for an entire week.
1981 – “Celebration,” by Kool & the Gang, begins its second and final week as the No. 1 single.
1987 – Bon Jovi grabs hold of the top spot on the Billboard singles chart for four weeks with “Livin’ on a Prayer,” off the “Slippery When Wet” album.
1998 – Usher has his first No. 1 single with “Nice & Slow.” The track remains a Billboard chart-topper for two weeks.
2004 – “The Way You Move,” by OutKast featuring Sleepy Brown, is the No. 1 single.
2015 – “Uptown Funk,” by Mark Ronson featuring Bruno Mars, is in the midst of a 14-week run at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.