On This Day March 3
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1847 – Scientist-inventor Alexander Graham Bell, best known for developing the telephone (d. 1922)
1911 – Actress Jean Harlow, often referred to as the “Original Blonde Bombshell” (d. 1937)
1920 – Actor James Doohan, best known as starship engineer Montgomery “Scotty” Scott from the “Star Trek” TV and movie series (d. 2005)
1945 – Oscar-winning director George Miller, best known for the “Mad Max” movie franchise and the animated film “Happy Feet”
1947 – Grammy-winning singer-songwriter Jennifer Warnes (“Right Time of the Night,” “Up Where We Belong,” “(I’ve Had) The Time of My Life”)
1958 – Golden Globe-winning actress Miranda Richardson (“Blackadder,” “The Crying Game,” “The Apostle,” “Sleepy Hollow,” “Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire,” “Made in Dagenham”)
1962 – Heisman Trophy-winning retired NFL running back Herschel Walker
1966 – Rapper Tone Loc, born Anthony Smith (“Wild Thing,” “Funky Cold Medina”)
1982 – Actress Jessica Biel (“7th Heaven,” “Ulee’s Gold,” “Summer Catch,” “The Texas Chainsaw Massacre,” “Blade: Trinity”)
1820 – Congress passes the Missouri Compromise, temporarily resolving the first serious political clash between slavery and antislavery interests by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
1887 – Anne Mansfield Sullivan begins teaching six-year-old Helen Keller, who lost her sight and hearing at 19 months of age. Under Sullivan’s tutelage, including her pioneering “touch teaching” techniques, the previously uncontrollable Keller thrived, eventually graduating from college and becoming an international lecturer and activist.
1923 – The first edition of Time magazine is published. The 32-page issue features former U.S. House Speaker Joseph G. Cannon on the cover.
1931 – With the stroke of President Herbert Hoover’s pen, the United States officially adopts the “Star-Spangled Banner” as its national anthem.
1950 – Marilyn Monroe makes her first screen appearance when the musical comedy “Love Happy,” starring the Marx Brothers, opens in movie theaters.
1952 – The U.S. Supreme Court upholds a New York state law (Feinberg Law) that prohibits communists from teaching in public schools. Coming at the height of the Red Scare in the U.S., the high court’s decision was further proof that many Americans feared possible subversive communist activity within their borders.
1991 – In what’s believed to be the first viral video, amateur video footage captures the beating of African American motorist Rodney King by four Los Angeles police officers, igniting outrage over alleged police brutality and social inequalities in LA’s black community. The cops are later tried and acquitted, which triggers riots.
1951 – “If,” by Perry Como, claims a six-week hold on the top spot on the singles chart.
1973 – Roberta Flack rules the Billboard Hot 100 with “Killing Me Softly with His Song,” which remains a chart-topper for four weeks. The track goes on to garner Flack Grammys in 1974 for Record of the Year and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance as well as a Song of the Year Grammy for its writers, Norman Gimbel and Charles Fox.
1973 – At the 15th Annual Grammy Awards, Roberta Flack wins Song of the Year and Record of the Year honors for “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face,” as well as Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo for her duet with Donny Hathaway, “Where Is The Love.” Harry Nilsson wins the Best Pop Vocal Performance Grammy for “Without You.”
1984 – “Jump,” by Van Halen, begins its second week on top of the Billboard Hot 100. The track, off the band’s “1984” album, remains at No. 1 for five weeks.
1990 – Janet Jackson begins three weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard singles chart with “Escapade,” off her “Rhythm Nation 1814” album.
2001 – “Stutter,” by Joe featuring Mystikal, holds the top spot on the Billboard Hot 100.