On This Day November 20
1971 – Isaac Hayes lays claim to the nation’s hottest single with “Theme from Shaft.” The track goes on to capture an Academy Award for Best Original Song, with Hayes becoming the first African American to receive that honor.
1923 – Inventor Garrett Morgan patents a mechanical traffic signal that adds a warning setting (what eventually becomes the yellow light) to the existing “stop” and “go.” He sells the rights to his invention to General Electric for $40,000.
1945 – Two dozen high-ranking Nazis go on trial in Nuremberg, Germany, for atrocities committed during World War II. Judges from the Allied powers — Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. — preside over the hearings.
2003 – Legendary music producer Phil Spector faces indictment in the murder of actress Lana Clarkson. Spector pleads not guilty to the charges. Six years and two trials later, he’s convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to 19 years to life in prison
Own a Piece of This Day
An Officer and a Gentleman
Starring Richard Gere, Debra Winger and Louis Gossett, Jr., and directed by Taylor Hackford