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“(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear” by Elvis Presley begins a seven-week run on top of the singles chart. Two months earlier, Elvis was king of the pop chart with “All Shook Up,” which spent eight weeks at No. 1.

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Bill Withers scores the first and only No. 1 hit of his career when “Lean On Me” reaches the top of the pop chart and holds there for three weeks.

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Reports are broadcast that a “flying disc” has crash-landed in Roswell, New Mexico, triggering conspiracy theories and accounts of aliens and UFOs.

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The Soviets charge CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers with espionage two months after shooting him down while flying a secret spy mission over Moscow.

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Golden Globe-winning actor Kevin Bacon (“Footloose,” “Apollo 13,” “The River Wild,” “A Few Good Men,” “Mystic River,” “The Following”)

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Actor Jaden Smith (“The Pursuit of Happyness,” “The Karate Kid,” “After Earth”)

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The Beatles begin a two-day recording session at London’s Trident Studios to produce “Hey Jude.”

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James Taylor has the No. 1 single with “You’ve Got a Friend,” written by Carole King, which goes on to capture Grammy Awards both for Taylor (Best Male Pop Vocal Performance) and King (Song of the Year).

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In what may have been the most-watched joyride in history, Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin cruise the dusty and bumpy surface of the moon in their lunar rover vehicle.

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Former Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of a suburban Detroit restaurant, never to be seen or heard from again. In 1982, he is officially declared dead.

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Actor Wesley Snipes (“Mo’ Better Blues,” “New Jack City,” “Passenger 57,” “Demolition Man,” “Money Train,” “Blade”)

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Actor-comedian-author B.J. Novak (“The Office,” “Inglorious Basterds,” “Saving Mr. Banks”)

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The No. 1 single is “Wild Thing” by The Troggs. It holds the top spot for two weeks.

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“Roll With It” by Steve Winwood begins four weeks as a No. 1 single.

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President Lyndon Johnson signs the Medicare bill into law, granting seniors access to affordable healthcare. The bill-signing ceremony takes place at the Truman Library in Independence, Missouri, where former President Harry S. Truman is enrolled as Medicare’s first beneficiary and receives the first Medicare card.

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The last of over 21 million Volkswagen Beetles, known as the “Volkswagen Type 1,” rolls off an assembly line in Puebla, Mexico, ending nearly 70 years of production. The baby blue car is sent to a museum in Wolfsburg, Germany, where VW is headquartered.

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Actor and former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger

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Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actress Hilary Swank (“Million Dollar Baby,” “Boys Don’t Cry,” “Amelia”)

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The Mamas & the Papas singer Cass Elliot dies in her sleep from a heart attack after playing a sold-out show in London. She is just 32. Rumors spread around the world, and continue today, claiming that Mama Cass choked to death on a ham sandwich. But an autopsy confirmed a heart attack as cause of death with no trace of food in her windpipe.

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The soundtrack to the movie musical “Grease,” featuring John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John, reaches No. 1 on the Billboard album chart. It becomes the second best-selling album ever released and top-selling soundtrack in history with about 45 million copies sold worldwide.

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President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an act creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to direct U.S. space policy.

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David Berkowitz, the so-called “Son of Sam,” kills one woman and seriously wounds another in the first of a series of attacks that would terrorize New York City for the next year.

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Emmy-winning documentary filmmaker Ken Burns

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Actor Josh Radnor, best known as Ted Mosby from the Emmy-winning sitcom “How I Met Your Mother”

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Elvis Presley scores his second No. 1 hit with “I Want You, I Need You, I Love You.” Technically, the song tops Billboard’s Best Sellers in Stores chart since the Hot 100 isn’t introduced until 1958.

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In what is considered the largest rock concert to date, more than 600,000 people attend the Watkins Glen Summer Jam in upstate New York to catch performances by the Allman Brothers, the Band and the Grateful Dead.  

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The pilot of a U.S. Army B-25 bomber gets lost in thick fog above New York City and crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building, killing 14 people. Because it was a Saturday morning, there were fewer people inside the skyscraper than would have been there on a weekday.

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“National Lampoon’s Animal House,” a movie spoof about 1960s college fraternities starring John Belushi, opens in U.S. theaters.

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Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

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Cartoonist Jim Davis, creator of “Garfield” 

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“Billboard” magazine publishes its first music popularity chart. The No. 1 song for the week ending July 27, 1940 is “I’ll Never Smile Again” by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra with vocals provided by Frank Sinatra and The Pied Pipers.

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“Annie’s Song,” a tribute to his wife, propels John Denver to the top of the singles chart. 

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Bugs Bunny makes his debut in the Merrie Melodies cartoon “A Wild Hare,” and remains an American cultural icon all these decades later.

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Entertainer Bob Hope—known for his decades of overseas tours to perform for American troops and who hosted 18 Oscar ceremonies and received five honorary awards from the Academy—dies at the age of 100.

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Emmy and Peabody Award-winning TV writer-producer Norman Lear (“All in the Family,” “The Jeffersons,” “Maude,” “Good Times”) 

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Singer Maureen McGovern, the talent behind the 1973 hit “The Morning After” from the movie “The Poseidon Adventure”

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Van McCoy’s disco anthem, “The Hustle,” boogies its way to the top of the singles chart.

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Peter Gabriel’s “Sledgehammer,” off his “So” album, is the No. 1 single. The accompanying music video goes on to capture a record nine awards at the 1987 MTV Video Music Awards. Gabriel also earns three Grammy nominations: Best Male Rock Vocal Performance, Song of the Year and Record of the Year.

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The Office of the Chief Examiner, later named the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is founded. It begins with a short memo signed by Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte, describing a “regular force of special agents” available to investigate certain cases of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Signed, sealed and delivered. The U.S. Postal Service is established and the Continental Congress appoints Benjamin Franklin as first Postmaster General.

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Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actor-director-producer Kevin Spacey (“Seven,” “The Usual Suspects,” “L.A. Confidential,” “American Beauty,” “House of Cards,” “Elvis & Nixon”)

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Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actress Sandra Bullock (“The Net,” “Speed,” “Miss Congeniality,” “The Blind Side,” “Gravity”)

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Bob Dylan goes electric and fans go ballistic at the Newport Folk Festival in Rhode Island. Folk music purists are outraged when Dylan swaps his acoustic guitar for an electric one. 

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Stevie Nicks has her first solo chart success when “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around” reaches No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was written by Tom Petty, who assists on vocals.

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The subway token is introduced, and the cost of riding the New York City underground rises from a dime to 15 cents. 

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The Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog off the coast of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, and sinks the next day, killing 51.

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Actress Estelle Getty, best known for playing Sophia in the TV sitcom “The Golden Girls”

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Golden Globe-winning actor Matt LeBlanc, best known for playing Joey in the hit NBC sitcom “Friends”

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Paul Revere & the Raiders gallop to the top of the singles chart with “Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian).”

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Survivor’s “Eye of the Tiger” reaches No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and remains there for six weeks. It is the theme song for the movie “Rocky III,” starring Sylvester Stallone, which was released on May 28, 1982, one day before EMI Records released the single.

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The Looney Tunes character Marvin the Martian debuts in the cartoon “Haredevil Hare.”

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Actor-comedian Peter Sellers, best known for his portrayal of Inspector Clouseau in the “Pink Panther” movie series as well as his ability to play multiple roles in a single film (“Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb”), dies of a heart attack at the age of 54.

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Hip-hop/R&B star and actress Jennifer Lopez

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French author Alexandre Dumas (“The Three Musketeers,” “The Count of Monte Cristo”) 

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Beach music is the favorite on this day, as Jan and Dean’s “Surf City” hits No. 1 on the singles chart. 

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The movie “Sid & Nancy,” based on the life of Sex Pistol Sid Vicious, premieres in London, starring Gary Oldman.

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More than a billion people around the world are glued to TV sets and radios as American astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first human to step onto the surface of the moon.

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In Major League Baseball, “Hammerin'” Hank Aaron hits his 755th and final home run during the Milwaukee Brewers’ game against the California Angels.

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Actress Diana Rigg, who played Emma Peel from the 60s British TV spy drama “The Avengers”

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Actor, rapper and songwriter Omar Epps (“Juice,” “ER,” “Breakfast of Champions,” “House,” “Resurrection”)

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