On this Day July 31

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History Highlights
History Highlights

1941 – Hermann Göring, writing under instructions from German dictator Adolf Hitler, orders Reinhard Heydrich, SS general and Heinrich Himmler’s No. 2 man, “to submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question.”

1961 – The first tie in All-Star Game history takes place at Fenway Park in Boston when the game is stopped in the ninth inning because of rain. Players included such future Hall of Famers as Roberto Clemente, Brooks Robinson, Mickey Mantle, Sandy Koufax, Hank Aaron, Frank Robinson, Ernie Banks, Stan Musial, Harmon Killebrew, Nellie Fox, Willie Mays and Yogi Berra. The next tie to occur during a playing of the Midsummer Classic would be in 2002.

1964 – Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon. 

1971 – Humans take the first drive on the moon, Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin cruise the dusty and bumpy surface in their lunar rover vehicle (LRV). It marks NASA’s first use of an LRV, which, among other tasks, enabled the astronauts to collect 179 pounds of lunar rocks and soil to be studied back on Earth.

1975 – Former Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of a suburban Detroit restaurant, never to be seen or heard from again. In 1982, he is officially declared dead. 

1981 – Cries of “play ball” echo throughout American ballparks after a seven-week players’ strike centered around compensation for free agents ends.