History Highlights

1860 – The Pony Express launches, with horse and rider relay teams simultaneously leaving St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California as part of a new effort to speed up U.S. mail delivery. 

1948 – President Harry S. Truman signs the Economic Recovery Act of 1948 — later known as the Marshall Plan — which would foster the recovery of war-torn Europe. 

1968 – Stanley Kubrick’s science fiction classic, “2001: A Space Odyssey” — regularly voted as one of the greatest movies ever made, but whose philosophical meaning most fans cannot explain — opens in theaters around the U.S.

1968 – Another sci-fi classic opens at U.S. theaters. It’s “Planet of the Apes,” starring Charlton Heston, Roddy McDowall, Kim Hunter and Maurice Evans. It’s the story about an astronaut crew that crash-lands on a planet in the distant future where intelligent talking apes rule and humans are oppressed and enslaved.

1974 – More than 140 tornadoes rip through 11 states within 16 hours. The “Super Tornado Outbreak” kills 330 people and injures more than 6,000 others.

1978 – At the 50th annual Academy Awards, Woody Allen’s “Annie Hall” wins the Oscar for Best Picture, beating out George Lucas’ “Star Wars.”

1986 – IBM unveils its first laptop computer. The 5140 “Convertible” retails for $1,995 and weighs 13 pounds.

1996 –  FBI agents arrest accused Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski at his rural Montana cabin. Kaczynski was linked to 16 mail bombs that killed three people and injured 23 others during an 18-year period.

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The Definitive Collection

The Temptations

Queen of Bebop: The Musical Lives of Sarah Vaughan

Elaine M. Hayes

The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War

Benn Steil

2001: A Space Odyssey

Starring Douglas Rain, Frank Miller and Keir Dullea, and directed by Stanley Kubrick

On The Waterfront

Starring Marlon Brando, Karl Malden and Lee J. Cobb, and directed by Elia Kazan

Trading Places

Starring Dan Aykroyd, Eddie Murphy and Denholm Elliott, and directed by John Landis

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Help!

The Beatles

Business As Usual

Men At Work

War of the Worlds (Original Radio Broadcast)

Orson Welles

The Perfect Storm

Starring George Clooney, Mark Wahlberg and Diane Lane, and directed by Wolfgang Petersen

The Essential Jefferson Airplane / Jefferson Starship / Starship

Jefferson Airplane / Jefferson Starship / Starship

A Few Good Men

Starring Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, Demi Moore and Kevin Pollak, and directed by Rob Reiner

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Kind of Blue

Miles Davis

Songs From the Big Chair

Tears for Fears

Stasiland: Stories from Behind the Berlin Wall

Anna Funder

Meet the Mertzes

Rob Edelman and Audrey Kupferberg

Taxi Driver

Starring Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, Cybill Shepherd and Harvey Keitel, and directed by Martin Scorsese

Fast Times at Ridgemont High

Starring Sean Penn, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Phoebe Cates, Judge Reinhold and Ray Walston, and directed by Amy Heckerling

Celebrity Birthdays

1769 – French military general/emperor Napolean Bonaparte (d. 1821)

1912 – TV chef and cookbook author Julia Child (d. 2004)

1925 – Actor Mike Connors, most remembered for his role as a detective in the CBS series “Mannix” (d. 2017)

1925 – Grammy-winning jazz pianist-composer Oscar Peterson (d. 2007)

1944 – Journalist, author and former NBC News correspondent Linda Ellerbee 

1946 – Grammy-winning songwriter-composer Jimmy Webb, who penned some of the highest-charting singles of the 20th century, including “Up, Up and Away,” “By the Time I Get to Phoenix,” “Wichita Lineman,” “Galveston,” “The Worst That Could Happen,” “All I Know,” “MacArthur Park”

1968 – Actress Debra Messing, best known as Grace Adler in the sitcom “Will & Grace”

1972 – Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actor-director-producer Ben Affleck (“Dazed and Confused,” “Chasing Amy,” “Good Will Hunting,”  “Armageddon,” “Pearl Harbor,” “Gone Baby Gone,” “The Town,” “Argo,” “Gone Girl,” “Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice”)

1989 – Singer-actor Joe Jonas, who originally performed with the Jonas Brothers before forming the band DNCE (“See No More,” “Just in Love,” “Cake by the Ocean”)

1990 – Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actress Jennifer Lawrence (“The Bill Engvall Show,” “Winter’s Bone,” “X-Men: First Class,” “The Hunger Games,” “Silver Linings Playbook,” “American Hustle,” “Joy”)

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The Beatles At Shea Stadium

Dave Schwensen

Woodstock: Music From the Original Soundtrack and More

Various artists

Never Met a Man I Didn't Like: The Life and Writings of Will Rogers

Will Rogers, Joseph Carter and Jim Rogers

Apocalypse Now

Starring Marlon BrandoMartin SheenRobert Duvall, and directed by Francis Ford Coppola

Good Will Hunting

Starring Ben AffleckMatt DamonRobin Williams, and directed by Gus Van Sant

Silver Linings Playbook

Starring Bradley CooperJennifer LawrenceRobert De Niro, and directed by David O. Russell