History Highlights

1789 – Congress passes and President George Washington signs the Judiciary Act of 1789 into law, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal comprised of six justices who were to serve until they voluntarily stepped down, retired or died. 

1941 – The Japanese consul in Hawaii is instructed to divide Pearl Harbor into five zones, calculate the number of battleships in each zone and report the findings back to Japan. Unbeknownst to U.S. military officials, this information is used to lay the groundwork for Japan’s devastating December 7, 1941 attack.

1957 – President Dwight Eisenhower orders federal troops to escort nine African American students, nicknamed the “Little Rock Nine,” into the previously all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. 

1968 – One of television’s longest-running news magazines debuts on CBS. It’s “60 Minutes,” with hosts Harry Reasoner and Mike Wallace presenting documentary-style coverage of the week’s news.

1969 – The trial of the “Chicago 8” begins. The band of protesters is accused of conspiracy and inciting a riot during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. 

1977 – “The Love Boat” sets out on its maiden TV voyage on ABC, featuring a cruise ship full of celebrity passengers with tales of romance found and hearts broken. 

1988 – Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson runs the 100-meter dash in 9.79 seconds to win gold at the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. However, Johnson tests positive for steroids three days later and is stripped of the medal, which is instead awarded to American Carl Lewis.

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1999

Prince

Nevermind (Remastered)

Nirvana

Warriors Don't Cry

Melba Pattillo Beals

Fifty Years of 60 Minutes

Jeff Fager

Jim Henson: The Biography

Brian Jay Jones

The Great Gatsby

F. Scott Fitzgerald

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The Best of Buddy Holly: The Millennium Collection

Buddy Holly

The Immaculate Collection / Madonna

Madonna

Just Plain Dick

Kevin Mattson

The Shawshank Redemption

Starring Morgan Freeman, Tim Robbins and Bob Gunton, and directed by Frank Darabont

Bruce Springsteen: Greatest Hits

Bruce Springsteen

Seinfeld, Season 1

Starring Jerry Seinfeld, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Jason Alexander and Michael Richards

Celebrity Birthdays

1866 – Author H. G. Wells (“The Time Machine,” “The Island of Doctor Moreau,” “The Invisible Man,” “The War of the Worlds”) (d. 1946)

1931 – Actor Larry Hagman, best known for his role as villainous Texas oil tycoon J.R. Ewing in CBS’ hit series “Dallas” (d. 2012)

1934 – Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen, known for his poetic lyrics, iconic songs and baritone voice (d. 2016)

1943 – Producer Jerry Bruckheimer (“Beverly Hills Cop,” “Flashdance,” “Top Gun,” “The Rock,” “Con Air,” “Armageddon,” “Black Hawk Down,” “Pirates of the Caribbean,” “National Treasure”) 

1947 – Award-winning horror, science fiction, and suspense novelist Stephen King (“Carrie,” “The Shining,” “The Stand,” “Misery,” “The Dark Tower”)

1950 – Emmy-winning actor-comedian Bill Murray (“Saturday Night Live,” “Caddyshack,” “Stripes,” “Ghostbusters,” “Groundhog Day,” “Rushmore,” “The Royal Tenenbaums,” “Lost in Translation,” “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou,” “Hyde Park on Hudson,” “St. Vincent”)

1957 – Writer-producer Ethan Coen of the Coen Brothers (“Raising Arizona,” “The Hudsucker Proxy,” “Fargo, “The Big Lebowski,” “O Brother, Where Art Thou?,” “No Country for Old Men,” “Hail, Caesar!”)

1967 – Grammy-winning country music singer Faith Hill (“Wild One,” “Piece of My Heart,” “This Kiss,” “Just to Hear You Say That You Love Me”)

1968 – Actress and talk show host Ricki Lake (“Hairspray,” “Ricki Lake”)

1971 – Actor Luke Wilson (“Idiocracy,” “Old School,” “Bottle Rocket,” “The Royal Tenenbaums,” “Blue Streak,” “Bongwater,” “Legally Blonde”)

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Bob Dylan

Bob Dylan

The Best of Bobby Vinton

Bobby Vinton

The Majesty of the Law

Sandra Day O’Connor

It Worked For Me

Colin Powell

The Shining

Stephen King

Groundhog Day

Starring Bill Murray, Andie MacDowell and Chris Elliott, and directed by Harold Ramis

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The Essential Elvis Presley

Elvis Presley

Let's Get It On

Marvin Gaye

A. Lincoln: A Biography

Ronald C. White

Charlie's Angels, Season 1

Starring Farrah Fawcett, Kate Jackson and Jaclyn Smith

Tommy Lasorda: My Way

Colin Gunderson

Greatest Hits: Joan Jett & The Blackhearts

Joan Jett & The Blackhearts

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The Best Of Chubby Checker 1959-1963

Chubby Checker

The Best of Simon & Garfunkel

Simon & Garfunkel

The Mary Tyler Moore Show (Season 1)

Starring Mary Tyler Moore, Ed Asner, Valerie Harper and Cloris Leachman

ER, Season 1

Starring George Clooney, Anthony Edwards, Sherry Stringfield, Noah Wyle, Juliana Margulies, and Eriq La Salle

The Best Of The Mamas and The Papas: The Millennium Collection

The Mamas and the Papas

Reversal of Fortune

Starring Glenn CloseJeremy Irons andRon Silver, and directed by Barbet Schroeder

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I Got a Name

Jim Croce

Young Americans

David Bowie

American Masters: Billie Jean King

Featuring Billie Jean King, Rosie Casals, Chris Evert, Venus Williams, Gloria Steinem and others

American Moonshot: John F. Kennedy and the Great Space Race

Douglas Brinkley

Grumpier Old Men

Starring Jack Lemmon, Walter Matthau and Sophia Loren, and directed by Howard Deutch

Office Space

Starring Ron Livingston, Jennifer Aniston and Gary Cole, and directed by Mike Judge

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The Very Best of Bobby Vee

Bobby Vee

Experience Hendrix: The Best Of Jimi Hendrix

Jimi Hendrix

Route 66

Starring Martin Milner, George Maharis and Glenn Corbett

The New York Times: Front Pages, 1851-2016

The New York Times

Greta Garbo: A Divine Star

David Bret

The Nutty Professor

Starring Eddie MurphyJada Pinkett Smith andJames Coburn, and directed by Tom Shadyac

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Appetite for Destruction

Guns N’ Roses

II

Boyz II Men

M*A*S*H (TV Milestones Series)

David Scott Diffrient

Landscape Turned Red

Stephen W. Sears

The Complete Hank Williams

Hank Williams, Sr.

The Graduate

Starring Anne BancroftDustin Hoffman and Katharine Ross, and directed by Mike Nichols

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The Complete Hit Singles

Three Dog Night

Rapper's Delight

The Sugarhill Gang

General Motors: A Photographic History

Michael W.R. Davis

The Day Wall Street Exploded

Beverly Gage

To Have and Have Not

Starring Humphrey BogartWalter Brennan and Lauren Bacall, and directed by Howard Hawks

Yes Please

Amy Poehler

History Highlights

1814 – Francis Scott Key writes a poem titled “Defence of Fort M’Henry,” which is later set to music and in 1931 becomes America’s national anthem under a new title: “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

1901 – Six months into his second term as U.S. president, William McKinley dies after being shot by a deranged anarchist during the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. 

1959 – The Soviet’s Luna 2 rocket reaches the surface of the moon, becoming the first man-made object sent from Earth to the lunar surface. The event gives the Soviets a short-lived lead in the Space Race, and prompts the U.S. to speed up efforts to develop its own space program.

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson awards entertainment pioneer Walt Disney the Presidential Medal of Freedom, saying “in the course of entertaining an age, he has created an American folklore.”

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson awards the Presidential Medal of Freedom to author John Steinbeck, who had already received numerous other honors for his literary work, including the 1962 Nobel Prize and 1939 Pulitzer Prize for “The Grapes of Wrath.”

1965 – Marching onto TV screens for the first time are the military farce “F Troop” and the short-lived sitcom “My Mother the Car.” 

1972 – Americans meet the Walton family and witness its trials and tribulations for nine years on CBS. “The Waltons” airs for the last time on this day in 1981, the same day that “Entertainment Tonight” premieres.  

1982 – Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly), who was an Oscar and Golden Globe-winning American actress before marrying into royalty, dies in a car crash at the age of 52. 

1999 – Millions evacuate their homes along the southeastern coast of the U.S. as Hurricane Floyd advances. The storm weakens from Category 4 to Category 2 by the time it makes landfall at Cape Fear, North Carolina on September 16. Floyd is blamed for nearly 60 deaths across eight U.S. states and The Bahamas.

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The Essentials

The Rascals

The Best of Eric Clapton: The Millennium Edition

Eric Clapton

How To Be Like Walt

Pat Williams with Jim Denney

The Waltons

Based on the life of series creator Earl Hamner Jr. and starring Richard Thomas

The Hunt for Red October

Starring Sean Connery, Alec Baldwin, Scott Glenn and Sam Neill, and directed by John McTiernan

The Fighter

Starring Mark Wahlberg, Christian Bale, Amy Adams and Melissa Leo, and directed by David O. Russell

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