On this Day August 27

History Highlights

1883 – The most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history jolts Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau), a small, uninhabited volcanic island located west of Sumatra in Indonesia. The resulting explosions and tsunamis kill an estimated 36,000 people.

1953 – “Roman Holiday,” featuring Audrey Hepburn in her first starring movie role, premieres in New York City.

1955 – The first edition of “The Guinness Book of Records” is published in England as a resource for pub patrons to settle friendly disputes. By that Christmas, it becomes a British best-seller. Today, it is the leading international authority for certifying every conceivable world record, from longest mustache to most tattooed woman, and everything in between.

1962 – NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe on a mission to fly by Venus and return data on the planet’s atmosphere, magnetic field, charged particle environment and mass.

1964 – Gracie Allen, who kept radio and TV audiences laughing for decades with comedy partner and husband George Burns, dies at age 69.

1966 – Sixty-five-year-old Francis Chichester sets sail from Plymouth, England aboard his yacht, Gipsy Moth IV, on the first solo around-the-world trip by sea. He completes the voyage nine months and one day later with only a single stop in Sydney, Australia, and is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1984 – President Ronald Reagan announces the Teacher in Space Project to inspire students, honor teachers and spur interest in mathematics, science and space exploration. 

Own a Piece of This Day

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The Fifth Beatle: The Brian Epstein Story

Vivek J. Tiwary and Andrew C. Robinson

Ten

Pearl Jam

Roman Holiday

Starring Audrey Hepburn, Gregory Peck and Eddie Albert, and directed by William Wyler

Guinness World Records Celebrating 60 Years

Guinness World Records

The Best of Captain & Tennille: The Millennium Collection

Captain & Tennille

Once Upon a Time in America

Starring Robert De Niro, James Woods, Joe Pesci, Elizabeth McGovern, Danny Aiello and Tuesday Weld and directed by Sergio Leone