On this Day August 27

History Highlights

1883 – The most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history jolts Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau), a small, uninhabited volcanic island located west of Sumatra in Indonesia. The resulting explosions and tsunamis kill an estimated 36,000 people.

1953 – “Roman Holiday,” featuring Audrey Hepburn in her first starring movie role, premieres in New York City.

1955 – The first edition of “The Guinness Book of Records” is published in England as a resource for pub patrons to settle friendly disputes. By that Christmas, it becomes a British best-seller. Today, it is the leading international authority for certifying every conceivable world record, from longest mustache to most tattooed woman, and everything in between.

1962 – NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe on a mission to fly by Venus and return data on the planet’s atmosphere, magnetic field, charged particle environment and mass.

1964 – Gracie Allen, who kept radio and TV audiences laughing for decades with comedy partner and husband George Burns, dies at age 69.

1966 – Sixty-five-year-old Francis Chichester sets sail from Plymouth, England aboard his yacht, Gipsy Moth IV, on the first solo around-the-world trip by sea. He completes the voyage nine months and one day later with only a single stop in Sydney, Australia, and is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1984 – President Ronald Reagan announces the Teacher in Space Project to inspire students, honor teachers and spur interest in mathematics, science and space exploration. New Hampshire social studies teacher Christa McAuliffe is eventually selected out of 11,000 applicants to be the first teacher in space. Sadly, she is killed along with all her fellow crew members in the January 1986 explosion of the space shuttle Challenger 73 seconds after liftoff.

Own a Piece of This Day

SHOP HERE:

The Fifth Beatle: The Brian Epstein Story

Vivek J. Tiwary and Andrew C. Robinson

Ten

Pearl Jam

Roman Holiday

Starring Audrey Hepburn, Gregory Peck and Eddie Albert, and directed by William Wyler

Guinness World Records Celebrating 60 Years

Guinness World Records

The Best of Captain & Tennille: The Millennium Collection

Captain & Tennille

Once Upon a Time in America

Starring Robert De Niro, James Woods, Joe Pesci, Elizabeth McGovern, Danny Aiello and Tuesday Weld and directed by Sergio Leone

On this Day August 24

Own a Piece of This Day

SHOP HERE:

The Definitive Collection

Stevie Wonder

Back To The Future (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

Huey Lewis and the News and others

The Fires of Vesuvius: Pompeii Lost and Found

Mary Beard

Let Me Take You Down

Jack Jones

Patriot Games

Starring Harrison Ford, Anne Archer and James Earl Jones and directed by Phillip Noyce

Diner

Starring Kevin Bacon, Mickey Rourke, Ellen Barkin, Steve Guttenberg and Daniel Stern, and directed by Barry Levinson

On this Day May 18

History Highlights

1917 – Six weeks after the United States formally enters the World War I, Congress passes and President Woodrow Wilson signs into law the Selective Service Act. It requires all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for service in the U.S. military. On June 5, 1917, some 10 million men report to their local Selective Service Registration Boards to sign up.

1953 – Jacqueline “Jackie” Cochran becomes the first woman aviator to break the sound barrier. The so-called “Queen of Speed” was an important contributor to the formation of America’s wartime Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP).

1965 – President Lyndon Johnson announces the launch of Project Head Start, designed as part of his War on Poverty initiative, to provide comprehensive early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families.

1974 – With its detonation of a nuclear bomb, India officially becomes the world’s sixth nuclear power. International reaction to the test was negative, with Canada cutting off virtually all nuclear assistance. The United States also restricted such collaborations and successfully persuaded India not to carry out further nuclear tests at that time.

1980 – The violent eruption of Washington’s Mount St. Helens kills 57 people, destroys hundreds of homes, levels tens of thousands of acres of forest, triggers mudflows and scatters ash across a dozen states. It becomes one of the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic events in U.S. history.

Own a Piece of This Day

SHOP HERE:

Kansas City

Wilbert Harrison

The Breakfast Club: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

Simple Minds and Other Artists

Thank You for My Service

Mat Best

Mount St. Helens: The Rebirth of Mount St. Helens

Barbara Decker

50 Numbers Ones

George Strait

Bossypants

Tina Fey