On This Day December 10
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1960 – Emmy-winning actor-director Kenneth Branagh (“Henry V,” “Much Ado About Nothing,” “Hamlet,” “Love’s Labour’s Lost,” “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets,” “As You Like It,” “Thor,” “My Week with Marilyn,” “Dunkirk,” “Murder on the Orient Express”)
1898 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Spanish-American War. It effectively dissolves the Spanish empire with the United States taking over much of Spain’s overseas holdings. Puerto Rico and Guam are ceded to the U.S., the Philippines is purchased for $20 million, and Cuba becomes a U.S. protectorate.
1901 – The first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. Named after Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Prize is still considered the most prestigious international honor. Notable winners throughout the years have included Marie Curie, Theodore Roosevelt, Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, Winston Churchill, Ernest Hemingway, Martin Luther King, Jr. and many others.
1950 – Diplomat, scholar and activist Dr. Ralph Bunche, a key member of the United Nations for more than two decades, becomes the first African-American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation efforts between Israel and neighboring Arab states in the late 1940s.
1999 – “The Cider House Rules,” starring Tobey Maguire, Charlize Theron and Michael Caine, opens in movie theaters. Oscars go to Caine for Best Supporting Actor and John Irving for Best Adapted Screenplay.
1966 – The Beach Boys’ “Good Vibrations,” composed by Brian Wilson with lyrics by Mike Love, tops the Billboard Hot 100 for a week. Costing about $60,000 to produce, it is the most expensive pop song ever recorded up to that time.